HACKING HISTORY


This is by no means a thorough explanation of the history of hacking is,but an attempt at showing its history.

 

HACKING and its ORIGINS

Currently hacking is  defined as to gain illegal or unauthorized access to a file, computer, or network.The term has changed over time:

Phase 1: early 1960s to 1970s

  • It was a positive term
  • A “hacker” was a creative programmer who wrote elegant or clever code
  • A “hack” was an especially clever piece of code

Phase 2: 1970s to mid 1990s

  • Hacking took on negative connotations
  • Breaking into computers for which the hacker does not have authorized access
  • Still primarily individuals
  • Includes the spreading of computer worms and viruses and ‘phone phreaking’
  • Companies began using hackers to analyze and improve security

Phase 3: beginning with the mid 1990s

  • The growth of the Web changed hacking; viruses and worms could be spread rapidly
  • Political hacking (Hacktivism) surfaced
  • Denial-of-service (DoS) attacks used to shut down Websites
  • Large scale theft of personal and financial information
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